In part 1 of my rebuttal to the young-earth Creationist movie “Is Genesis History?,” we looked at the argument that Noah’s Flood deposited thousands of feet of sand, silt, and dead animals that was then cut into a canyon. And then, over a few thousand years, this somehow turned to stone.
I’m a novice about geology, but still I came up with questions that were sidestepped. Unsurprisingly, the fact that conventional geology nicely answers each one was also ignored. Let’s continue.
Our next expert is Paul Nelson, a philosopher. He contrasted the two major views of the history of life and the universe. There’s the conventional paradigm of a 13.7 billion-year-old universe where things happened naturally, gradually, bottom up, and without design. Against that is the Genesis paradigm, which imagines a much shorter time scale and a divine intelligence that designed things. The data from the field we have will be interpreted in different ways, depending on your paradigm.
Of these two paradigms, one is built on evidence, and the other is built despite it. Instead of interpreting data through the lens of a worldview, the honest scholar follows the data and builds a worldview as a conclusion.
And why does this Christian philosopher propose just two views? If we’re going to free ourselves from the scientific consensus and cast the net wider, why reach for just young-earth Creationist Christianity for an alternative cosmology? Why not also get the Hindu view and some traditional Native American views and the flat-earth view?
This philosopher stated that Christians have a witness that the scientists don’t have: the Bible (cuz God was there, so he ought to know!). He tried and failed to dismiss the idea that this approach pits science and religion against each other. We will see more of this later.
What does the Bible say?
Next was hebraist (Hebrew scholar) Steven Boyd. (Uh, yeah—I always turn to Hebrew scholars when I have a puzzling question about cosmology.) He tells us that the Bible’s authors clearly thought they were talking about real events. Yes, it really was six literal days (yom means “day”). Yes, it really was a global flood (the Flood story has dozens of instances of the word kol, meaning “all”). Only if you impose an agenda-driven, external point of view onto Genesis would you come up with anything else. He asks, Why else would these authors want future generations to learn their history?
You could ask the same of Homer. Why would he want to pass along the Iliad? Presumably to tell his listeners that they were Greeks, a great race of people descended from gods. But even if Homer thought the Iliad was history, that doesn’t make it so. The same is true for the Old Testament and its authors.
Boyd said that the Table of Nations in Genesis 10, which listed Noah’s descendants, was more evidence that the flood was global, since it touched on every society. I wonder, though, where the father(s) of the pre-Columbian societies in the Americas are in that list—the Mississippian culture or the Olmecs, Mayans, Incas, Nazca, and dozens of others. Or the other important civilizations far from the Fertile Crescent. How do they fit into the myopic viewpoint of Genesis?
He talks about the genealogy listed in the Old Testament (all the “begats” in Genesis) and the two (incompatible) lists given for Jesus. This again shows the Bible’s historical foundation.
Yeah, if the Bible were trustworthy, this might be good evidence. You’ve done nothing to show that it is.
He said about the Adam and Eve story as the origin of mankind, “The biblical text is not compatible with the conventional paradigm” of evolution.
Uh, yeah, you got that right.
Dating the earth
Geologist Andrew Snelling was the next expert. He gave several examples of monumental volcanism—the Yellowstone supervolcano (in Wyoming), which sent ash as far south as Texas, or the Deccan Traps, which is a million cubic kilometers of basalt (solidified lava) in central India. He declared that you can’t use today’s rates of volcanism as a standard, because he wants to compress all prehistoric volcanism into about one millionth the time that conventional geology gives for it. He didn’t explain why this makes more sense of the data or address the question of how the environment would be different with that much concentrated volcanism.
As for evidence that today’s rates of volcanism can’t be applied to the past, his argument seemed to be (my paraphrase), “Have any supervolcanoes erupted in human history?! Well, there you go.”
But he gives no evidence to support a compressed timeframe. If volcano magnitude follows a power law distribution (as with earthquakes), it’s not surprising that the last 10,000 years haven’t overlapped with any of earth’s most dramatic volcanic events of the last billion years. (Oops—was it inappropriate to bring up the idea of long time to neatly explain an issue?)
Next on the chopping block was conventional geology’s use of radioisotope dating. We’re told that today’s slow radioactive decay rates can’t be assumed in the past. (Why not?) To prove the unreliability of this dating method, he explained how he had samples from a single rock layer tested using different isotopes. The tests returned dates that were all over the map.
I heard him relate this anecdote in person years ago. My reaction to that is here. Briefly, only igneous rock can be reliably dated using radioisotope dating. Deliberately use metamorphic rock instead, and you can get dates with which to lie that this method is never reliable.
Let’s pause and ask, if this powerful new evidence from the Creationists is correct, why hasn’t conventional science accepted it? Haters gonna hate, apparently. Conventional scientists have a “commitment to millions of years.” Here’s how it went down: nineteenth-century geologist Charles Lyell proposed that the earth was millions of years old, and biologist Charles Darwin felt empowered by this to hypothesize millions of years for evolution. Conventional scientists are committed to evolution—not because it’s well supported by evidence but to make baby Jesus cry—so you must have millions of years.
We’re told at the end, “It’s not a question of science versus the Bible”; rather, it’s two different views of earth’s history.
Right, and the two different views are incompatible. It is indeed science versus the Bible, and you can’t have them both. Christians can’t allay their concerns about being antiscientific with the arguments in this movie. On one hand is the evidence and science’s remarkable track record of telling us about nature. On the other, the Bronze Age god who likes human sacrifice.
Continue to part 3.
See also: For a more science-y take on Grand Canyon documentaries, read paleontologist Donald Prothero’s summary of his experience as a science expert trying to talk sense into five Creationists (four Christian and one Muslim) on the “Creationism” episode of Conspiracy Road Trip (BBC, 2012), recommended by commenter flexilis.
I’m even told sometimes, “You’re attacking the Bible,”
and when I am accused of such I simply say,
“I’m not attacking the Bible. I’m attacking you.
Your problem is that you can’t tell the difference.”
— Pete Enns
(This is an update of a post that originally appeared 4/24/17.)
Image credit: Web page for movie